Alwarthirunagar, Anna Nagar

Teeth Anatomy

The adult teeth or the permanent dentition replaces the milk teeth or the primary dentition. There are 32 permanent teeth. The main difference from primary dentition is that the permanent dentition has four premolars and six molars. Permanent teeth starts erupting at the age of six and end at 21. Few people may not have all their third molars erupted.

There are 16 teeth on the top and the bottom jaw. There are two central incisors, two lateral incisors, four premolars and six molars on each jaw.

Tooth Structure

  • The tooth consists of two important and basic structures: The crown and the root.
  • The tooth is composed of several components that is essential for the growth, strengthening, preserving and maintaining the function of the teeth.
  • The root is hidden in the gums/gingiva and the crown is the visible part.
  • The root acts as an anchor that holds the entire tooth and is responsible for the blood and the nerve supply to enter the tooth and maintain its viability.
  • The crown is the hard outer surface that helps in breaking down of food while chewing.

Different Layers of The Tooth

  • The crown is covered by a hard tissue consisting majorly of calcium, called the enamel.
  • The root is covered by a hard mineral surface, called the cementum. The cementum when compared to the enamel is softer in nature.
  • The layer under both the outer coverings, the enamel and the cementum is the dentin. It forms the main bulk of the tooth. Dentin is porous in nature as it is responsible in transferring different minerals and nutrients through the different tooth layers.
  • The next layer under dentin is the pulp tissue which is inside the pulp cavity. This cavity is rich in blood supply and nerve supply. This part of the tooth is very important in the maintenance of the tooth.
  • The root of the tooth is embedded in the jaw bone supplied with rich blood and nerve supply. The root that is embedded in the jaw is covered  in gums or the gingiva.

The root is held in place by a bunch of strands called the peridontal ligaments, which are originated from the surrounding bone and embbeded into the cementum.

The dentists at Pearl32DentalSpa are highly knowledgeable and well experienced in the field of dentistry and they treat their patients with care and patience. We provide world-class services and you can consult our doctors at any of our clinics that are located in three different locations Alwarthirungar, Saligramam and Anna Nagar. If you have any dental problems, Pearl32DentalSpa has the right solution for all your dental problems. So come and get your next dental checkup done here at Pearl32DentalSpa.

We eliminate the inconvenience
of multiple visits

No second injections or temporaries

Professional doctors

High quality products

More about us


The best experience I’ve ever had. I was treated with great respect and kindness. From the front desk to the doctor who treated me, they were extremely kind. They give me the background of their business, walked me through minute details about my teeth, gave a tour of their facility. The customer service is impeccable! I’m glad to have found this place.


This dental office is amazing and easily the best! The dentists are super friendly and completely honest. They won’t do treatments unless it’s absolutely necessary. All the staffs are welcoming and friendly. The crowns and veneers are done in the office so we do not have to opt for temporary fillings (again, more money). They are great with kids too! Highly recommend this place!


Excellent hospitality. The reality of the problem is explained clearly and estimated well before. T Chief Dr. personally visits every patient and takes care of their situation. Their service is awesome and discipline is very much appreciated.


This spa like atmosphere always offers such a calm and inviting environment. There are such wonderful services from which you can choose. People are tired of having to travel out of town for such things. Having a medical spa right here is an awesome luxury for so many.


My experience was awesome. It was so relaxing after the medical spa treatments. You just need to keep doing what you are doing. The amenities are excellent. The work that you do is excellent.



Get treated now! Pay in 0% EMI

BOOK THROUGH CALL +91 8939309326